【etherscan uniswap】

In 2014, Ethereum launched a presale for ether, which received an overwhelming response; this helped to usher in the age of the initial etherscan uniswapcoin offering (ICO). According to Ethereum, it can be used to “codify, decentralize, secure and trade just about anything.”4 Following the attack on the decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) in 2016, Ethereum was split into Ethereum (ETH) and Ethereum Classic (ETC).

Most major Lending and borrowing protocols acrosethereum classic price chart historys both CeFi and DeFi require borrowers to lock up an asset in order to take out a loan. These types of loans are called collateralized loans.Collateralization is a borrower’s commitment to pledge a number of assets as a means for a lender to recoup their capital in the instance that the borrower defaults on the loan. If a borrower continually missed payments on a loan obligation then the lender has the right to possess the collateral pledged in the case that the loan defaults.

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Collateralized, or more specifically 'overcollaterized loans', are at the core of efficiently operating DeFi lending markers. DeFi lending protocols enable open, permissionless, and pseudo-anonymous financial services. There are no credit score requirements for borrowers and generally no formal KYC or AML requirements.In order to maintain a balance between open access and systemic stability the value of the collateral that needs to be pledged for DeFi loans has to exceed the value of the loans. If for example, a DeFi user wants to directly take out a USD100 DAI loan on Makerdao, they need to put up at least USD150 worth of Ethereum.Borrowing from DeFi protocols can often be a precarious and time-intensive process that goes beyond simply paying back interest in installments.The loan-to-value ratio (LTV) needs to be carefully monitored to ensure that the collateralization requirement that was agreed upon before the loan was executed is maintained. Maintaining this LTV ratio is made more difficult if borrowers put up volatile assets like ETH as collateral. If the value of ETH changes suddenly in US dollar terms, loans can be liquidated very quickly and borrowers are not protected by mechanisms that exist like loan insurance.For these reasons, due to the complex nature of unique specific DeFi protocol agreements that go beyond interest rate payments, BNC has chosen not to include details around DeFi protocol borrowing rates.

Programmable Money: Tools that find the best interest rate for you automaticallyThese days yield optimization platforms like Yearn.finance exist. They use the Ethereum blockchain’s capabilities to facilitate programmable money to make it easier for users to find optimal interest rates automatically. Before Yearn, users seeking to maximize their yields needed to manually move their stablecoins between lending protocols. A slow, labor-intensive process that Yearn aims to avoid.Bitcoin trading at $300 premium on Binance

The massive spike in Bitcoin reserves on Binance also coincided with premium BTC/USD bids on the exchange, with the BTC spot price being almost $400 higher on Binance than on Coinbase.The vast price difference created arbitrage trading opportunities, coinciding with Binance’s Bitcoin reserves adding 1,529 BTC in the previous 24 hours compared to Coinbase that processed withdrawals of 579 BTC.As a reminder, exchanges still processed more than 30,000 BTC in withdrawals in the past 30 days, signaling that traders overall wanted to hold their crypto rather than sell it for other assets.But given Binance’s trading volumes (~$24 billion) in the previous 24 hours were six times higher than Coinbase Pro’s (~$4.23 billion) at press time — as per data collected from CoinMarketCap — the probability of an interim Bitcoin price drop appeared high.

Fall is traditionally the open season for United States financial regulators. The thicket of news coming out of Capitol Hill, federal courts and various regulatory agencies can feel overwhelming around this time, especially for those of us residing outside of these venerable institutions’ purview. It is also clear that the outcomes of these legal battles will have tremendous effects on crypto markets, adoption and, generally, the relationship between state power and the industry worldwide. But that is not the only reason for anyone interested in how the old world adapts to digital finance to follow U.S. developments closely.Security and Exchange Commission Chair Gary Gensler appeared in front of the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs last week. During the hearing, we didn’t get much clarity on how Gensler wants to handle stablecoins beyond his opinion that many of them “might well be securities.”

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It was good to at least see some senators, such as Pat Toomey, willing to call Gensler out for inconsistencies and omissions in his argumentation. What was worrisome was seeing mostly Republicans on the stop-stifling-innovation side and mostly Democrats on the stricter-investor-protection side (despite all the laughs and memes that Senator Warren’s Ethereum fees spiel produced). Crypto becoming yet another partisan issue is a nightmare scenario — luckily, it does not seem to be that way outside of this particular Senate hearing yet.The Commodity Futures Trading Commission, which has historically been more lenient toward the corner of the crypto space that falls under its jurisdiction, will soon have a permanent chairman and two new commissioners. All three nominees — the acting chairman who spoke amply in favor of innovation, a legal scholar specializing in digital finance, and another with a strong enforcement background — seem to have the potential to be a force for good for crypto, but let’s not get too excited just yet.The rest of the world keeps supplying major policy developments for digital assets. Cuba recognized cryptocurrency and now allows its use as a remittance and investment vehicle. Over in El Salvador, President Nayib Bukele’s opponents made a political statement by setting a crypto kiosk ablaze. In South Korea, the majority party clashed with the finance minister over a controversial crypto tax code, attempting to postpone its implementation. Notice a common theme? All over the world, cryptocurrency-related issues are part of political agendas.In the increasingly competitive landscape of blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies, protocol innovation and the ability to solve the biggest problems facing the crypto community are necessary for any project that looks to have long-term success in the ecosystem.

Recently, the emergence of layer-2 technology like Arbitrum, Optimism and a bridge to the Avalanche ecosystem is revolutionizing the way investors, builders and developers interact with various protocols because each facilitates fast, low-cost transactions that improve the fundamentals of the decentralized finance (DeFi) ecosystem while also making it easier for retail-sized investors to capitalize on opportunities.According to data from Token Terminal, DeFi continues to be one of the fastest-growing sectors of the crypto economy as evidenced by increases in the total value locked (TVL) on protocols. Some of the biggest gains from last week occurred on cross-chain compatible networks and layer-two protocols that offer a lower fee environment.Two of the top-6 projects on the list above, Trader Joe and Pangolin, are found in the Avalanche network which has seen significant inflows and an increase in TVL since the launch of an upgraded cross-chain bridge that allows Ethereum-based tokens and applications to migrate to the Avalanche ecosystem.Governance features have also been a positive factor in helping spark new growth for projects as both Alchemix Finance and Rari Capital have ongoing, or recently completed votes designed to improve their ecosystems and increase community involvement.

Another emerging trend shown in the data from Token Terminal is the growing strength of derivatives and options trading protocols as regulators increasingly crack down on centralized exchanges that offer derivatives services and have loose KYC and AML requirements.As shown on the chart above, two of the biggest gainers in terms of protocol revenue over the past week were dYdX and Hegic, a pair of protocols that offer decentralized derivatives and on-chain options trading to investors.

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Global regulators have increased their scrutiny on leveraged and derivatives trading platforms in recent months, while at the same time, established exchanges like Coinbase have applied to offer futures trading services, indicating that this is one sector poised for continued growth as cryptocurrencies become more mainstream.dYdX has also benefited from the fact that it operates on a layer-two solution developed in conjunction with StarkWare that enables cross-margined perpetual's with zero gas costs and minimal trading fees.

Data shows that Ethereum-competitors such as Tezos (XTZ) and Cosmos (ATOM) have al seen an increase in revenue over the past week, suggesting that the layer-1 battle is heating up as high fees on the Ethereum network continue to motivate users to explore other options.FTX, one of the world’s largest cryptocurrency exchanges, continues expanding operations by inking major regulatory approval in The Bahamas.The Securities Commission of The Bahamas has registered FTX Digital Markets, the Bahamian subsidiary of the global FTX crypto exchange, as an official digital asset business, the firm announced Sept. 20.The regulatory approval is granted under the Digital Asset Registered Bill of The Bahamas, the country’s new digital asset-related legislation that came into force in late 2020. Also known as the DARE Act, the legislation establishes a comprehensive regulatory framework for digital asset operations in The Bahamas, regulating and supervising virtual asset service providers.The regulatory approval will help FTX establish a “substantial presence” in The Bahamas as the exchange continues to expand its global presence. Ryan Salame, former head of over-the-counter trading at Alameda Research, has already joined FTX Digital Markets as CEO, and will be responsible for managing FTX’s local initiatives.“The relationship we have fostered with local regulators culminating with us being authorized under the framework offered through the DARE Act, gives me confidence that we’ll be able to work closely with regulators to make sure our offerings are compliant in multiple jurisdictions,” Salame said.

FTX did not specify what crypto services it’s planning to roll out in The Bahamas as part of its new expansion. Cointelegraph reached out to FTX and will update the story pending new information.FTX is one of the largest crypto exchanges in the world, operating more than $3.5 billion in daily trading volumes at the time of writing, according to data from CoinMarketCap. The company has been actively expanding its operations and acquiring major industry players after closing a $900 million funding round in July. In late August, the company announced the acquisition of LedgerX, a licensed options and futures trading platform in the United States.

Cryptocurrency assets held by institutional managers rose for a fifth consecutive week, a sign that market participants had once again flipped bullish on Bitcoin (BTC) and the leading altcoins.Investment flows into crypto products totaled $42 million in the week ending on Sept. 19, with Bitcoin funds seeing inflows of $15 million, according to digital asset manager CoinShares. That’s only the third time in 16 weeks that BTC investment products saw positive inflows.

All major assets registered a weekly increase, with investors buying up $6.6 million worth of Ether (ETH) products and $3.7 million worth of multi-asset funds. Investors also allocated $4.8 million towards Solana (SOL), disregarding a denial-of-service disruption earlier this week as a result of network congestion.In terms of actual products, 21Shares registered the largest weekly inflows at $28 million. The physically-backed crypto exchange-traded product provider now has $1.87 billion in assets under management. Grayscale remains the single largest crypto asset manager, with $43.177 billion in total assets.

Fund managers have been buying up crypto in lockstep with a broad market recovery that began in late July. Crypto markets peaked above $2.2 trillion last week after plunging to around half that amount earlier in mid-July. However, by Monday, all major crypto assets had printed heavy losses as Chinese Evergrande news walloped risk sentiment.Related: Bitcoin bounce levels extend to $36K with bulls unmoved by 8% BTC price dipInstitutional investors have become important players in the cryptocurrency market, which is a testament to the growing mainstream acceptance of digital assets. Some of crypto’s biggest asset managers told Cointelegraph earlier this year that investing in digital assets no longer carries the same level of career risk as before, which means more financial advisers and wealth managers are likely to enter the market. This was corroborated by a recent poll by London-based crypto fund Nickel Digital Asset Management, which found that most hedge fund executives have already purchased cryptocurrency.DELIVERED EVERY MONDAY

Solana has attributed the 17-hour outage it suffered last week to a denial-of-service attack aimed at Grape Protocol’s Sept. 14 initial DEX offering (IDO).In a Sept. 21 blog post, the Solana Foundation stated that bots spammed the network as Grape launched its IDO on the Solana-based decentralized exchange (DEX) Raydium at 12:00 UTC last Tuesday.

The botting activity overwhelmed the network with a transaction load of 400,000 per second, with Solana noting that “unbounded growth of the forwarder queues and resource-heavy blocks” resulted in a number of forks being automatically proposed to the network.The attack caused Solana’s network’s validators to crash after running out of memory. As a result the network went offline for roughly 17 hours during Sept. 14 and Sept. 15.

The recovery was led in collaboration between Solana engineers and more than 1,000 validators, with a hard fork being passed after receiving support from 80% of the network’s active stakers.The foundation estimates that the network was patched, upgraded, and restored to full functionality within 18 hours of Solana going offline.

The post added that the community is still working on providing a detailed “technical post-mortem and root cause analysis report” that will be released in the coming weeksRelated: Smashing crypto adoption barrier? Solana aims to do its own ‘thing’The price of Solana (SOL) has performed bearishly since posting an all-time high of $213 on Sept. 9. Since then, SOL has pulled back by 39% to change hands for $129 at the time of writing.The retracement followed a meteoric couple of months for SOL, with the token surging 565% since trading for $32 on July 31.

Bitcoin (BTC) kept blowing through support levels during trading on Sept. 20 ahead of what promised to be a "very interesting" U.S. stock market open.Data from Cointelegraph Markets Pro and TradingView tracked BTC/USD. It dipped briefly to near $42,500 before returning to hover near $44,000 in volatile conditions.

Monday's low was beneath that seen earlier in the month during the leverage cascade, with Bitcoin testing both its weekly higher low and 21-week exponential moving average (EMA) as support.As Cointelegraph reported, a plethora of factors combined to produce sell pressure for BTC markets. These were led by concerns over Evergrande defaulting on hundreds of millions of dollars in debt, in turn pressuring stocks and strengthening the United States dollar. Rising Bitcoin exchange balances provided an additional catalyst from within the market, itself.

Traders, nonetheless, kept their cool."Why are you surprised today? Don’t be so emotional," popular Twitter account Anbessa told followers at the height of the rout.

Both Sides of the Table

Perspectives of a 2x entrepreneur turned VC at @UpfrontVC#

Mark Suster

Written by

2x entrepreneur. Sold both companies (last to salesforce.com). Turned VC looking to invest in passionate entrepreneurs 〞 I*m on Twitter at @msuster

Both Sides of the Table

Perspectives of a 2x entrepreneur turned VC at @UpfrontVC, the largest and most active early-stage fund in Southern California. Snapchat: msuster

Mark Suster

Written by

2x entrepreneur. Sold both companies (last to salesforce.com). Turned VC looking to invest in passionate entrepreneurs 〞 I*m on Twitter at @msuster

Both Sides of the Table

Perspectives of a 2x entrepreneur turned VC at @UpfrontVC, the largest and most active early-stage fund in Southern California. Snapchat: msuster